Name of Department:                                 Department of Fisheries
Name of Ag.Head Of Deparment:             Dr. N. Zabbey
Contact E-mail:                                 
Contact Phone Number(s):                        08037504608




The Department of Fisheries started as Department of Animal Science and Fisheries in 2005 when the Faculty of Agriculture was created. The Department of Animal Science and Fisheries was created alongside three other departments, namely: Agricultural Economics and Extension, Crop and Soil Science, and Forestry and Wildlife Management at the inception of the Faculty of Agriculture. Since 2005, the Department of Animal Science and Fisheries had been awarding two degrees: Bachelor of Agriculture (Animal Science) and Bachelor of Fisheries (B. Fisheries).

At the start of the 2013/2014 Academic Session, Senate approved the split of the Department of Animal Science and Fisheries into two separate departments; Department of Animal Science and Department of Fisheries.  The Department of Fisheries awards the Bachelor of Fisheries (B. Fisheries). The department was designed to equip her graduates with the right technical and entrepreneurial skills / capacity necessary to appropriate their scientific know how for the advancement of the fisheries and aquaculture sub-sectors. Also, it is concerned with the development of practical solutions to agricultural production problems vis-à-vis fisheries production and management, maintenance of good water quality and aquatic biodiversity conservation. Our graduates automatically qualify for membership of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON).


To promote knowledge and provide solutions needed in tackling the challenges of fish production, and the management of aquatic environments through quality education, scholarly research and service delivery; enhancing economic opportunities in Nigeria.


Our philosophy is to produce fisheries and aquaculture experts with the right competence that would enable them to harness the tremendous opportunities in agriculture through designing appropriate technologies that are demand-driven in response to local needs for sustainable fisheries and aquaculture that is economically viable and profitable, socially acceptable, and environmentally friendly.


  • To produce the appropriate manpower equipped with necessary skills to establish  and profitably operate fisheries enterprises;
  • To improve the genetic stock  and introduce scientific fisheries management in the Niger Delta river ecosystems;
  • To promote fisheries and aquaculture production and productivity by artisanal fisherfolks and small scale farmers, thereby providing solutions to the country’s fisheries and aquaculture problems and challenges;
  • To equip our graduates with the right technical and entrepreneurial skills and capacity necessary to appropriate their scientific know how for the development of practical solutions and the advancement of the fisheries and aquaculture sub-sectors; and
  • To develop appropriate technologies that would be demand-driven in response to local needs and resolve ecological challenges for increased and sustainable fisheries and aquaculture productivity.



S/n Name Qualification Specialization Designation
1 Prof. E.S. Erondu BSc, Zoology (UNN), M. Tech, (RSUST), PhD. Fisheries (UNN) Aquaculture Professor


2 Prof.U.U. Gabriel BSc Zoology; MPil., Aquaculture; PhD Fisheries/Hydrobiology(UNIPORT) Toxicology/ Ecobiology Professor (Adjunct)
3 Dr. Amiye Francis BSc, Zoology (ABU); PGDE, MSc. Parasitology (UPH),PhD, Fisheries (UPH) Fisheries Management Reader
4 Dr. Olaniyi Olopade BSc. Fisheries Mgt(Ibadan). MSc. Fisheries Mgt.(Ibadan) PhD. Fisheries Mgt(Ibadan) Aquaculture & Fisheries Management Senior Lecturer
5 Dr. Nenibarini Zabbey BSc, Zoology(UPH) MSc. Hydrobiology & Fisheries. (UPH) PhD, Hydrobiology &Fisheries (UPH) Benthic Ecology and Biomonitoring Senior Lecturer
6 Dr. O.M. Abu BSc Zoology (UPH), MSc Fisheries (Aquaculture) (UPH), PhD Aquaculture (UPH) Aquaculture and fish processing Senior



7 Dr. A.T. Ibim BSc, Zoology (UPH), M.Tech, Fisheries (FUT Minna), PhD, Aquaculture (UPH)


Aquaculture, Fish Reproduction and Health Senior Lecturer
8 Dr.  N.A. Jamabo BSc. Fisheries (RSUST). MPhil. Fisheries (RSUST). PhD, Aquaculture & Aquatic Ecology (RSUST) Aquaculture & Aquatic Ecology Senior Lecturer
9 Dr. J.A. Akankali BSc. Fisheries (Benin) MSc. Fisheries (Benin). PhD. Environmental  Management (RSUST) Fisheries Management Senior Lecturer


Dr. S.A. Nwafili B Agric (Animal Science) NsukkaM.Tech (Fisheries) Minna, PhD, (Fisheries) China Population Genetics Senior Lecturer
11 Dr. B. Uedeme-Naa BSc. Fisheries (RSUST) MSc. Aquatic Ecology (RSUST); PhD Aquatic Ecology (RSUST)


Aquatic Ecology, Fish Breeding & Genetics Senior Lecturer
12 Mr. H.E. Dienye OND Food Technology(ILARO); B.Sc. Aquaculture & Fisheries (UNAAB); M.Sc. Hydrobiology &Fisheries(UPH) Aquaculture & Fishing Gear Lecturer 11
13 Dr. B. Akpoilih BSc. Fisheries (FUTA) M.Sc. Fisheries (Ibadan)PhD Aquaculture & Environmental Toxicology (Ibadan). Environmental Toxicology Assistant Lecturer
14 Mr. I. C. Davies B. Fisheries (UPH); M.Sc. Hydrobiology & Fisheries (UPH) Aquaculture & Genotoxicology Assistant Lecturer
15 Mr. I. E. Ikpewe B. Fisheries (UPH); M.Sc. Environmental Technology & Mgt. (UPH) Fisheries Statistics & Mgt. Assistant Lecturer
16 Mr. G.N. Nwipie B. Fisheries (UPH) Aquaculture Assistant



S/N Name Qualification Responsibility Designation
1 Mr. Awotongh J. Gbulubo Diploma/M.Sc in Aquaculture Management of the fish farm Chief Agric. Sup. (Contract)
2 Mr. O.G. Okwuosa Cert in Personal Safety & Social Responsibility; B.Tech, Maritime Management Technology Fish Breeding & Management, Data Capturing & Collation for Analysis Principal Transport Officer
3 Mr. C.E. Okwe B. Tech (RSUST) Marine Engineering Technologist 1
4 Ojimba juliet OND  Agric SPTD Fish farming
5 Chima Ebube junior WAEC Assistant Technologist Sen. Lab. Assistant
6 Nwigonee Nkechi Francis WAEC Assistant Technologist Sen. Lab. Assistant
7 Ezinwo Uchechukwu Reward WAEC Assistant Technologist Sen. Lab. Assistant
8 Juliet Ogboji WASC Assistant Technologist Lab. Assistant
9 Mercy Vilawa WASC Assistant Technologist Sen. Lab. Assistant
10 Confidence Ogbuse NECO Cleaning Lab Assistant Head Lab Assistant
11 Deekor ThankGod FSLC, SSCE, B.Sc Cleaning of farm and care of farm stock Farm Asst.
12 Okparike Ikpendu FSLC. WAEC, NABTEB Cleaning of farm and care of farm stock Farm Asst.
13 Kamalu Rechael FSLC Cleaning of farm and care of farm stock Farm Asst.


S/n Name Qualification Responsibility Designation
1 Mercy OriyeSomiari B.Sc., M.Sc. Sociology (UPH} Administrative functions Ass Registrar
2 Friday Ogbuji NABTEB, WAEC, PITMAN Secretarial duties Senior Secretarial Officer 1
3 Mrs. Ibiene C. Fubara WAEC Receiving mails/filling Clerical Officer 1
4 Owhor Juliet Worlu WAEC Cleaning /messenger Caretaker


Candidates seeking admission into Fisheries programme must:

  • Pass the UTME, which must include Use of English, Chemistry, Mathematics or Physics, and Biology or Agricultural Science.
  • Pass the Post-UTME screening exercise of the University.
  • Possess five credits in GCE/SSCE/NECO in the following subjects: Mathematics, English Language, Chemistry, Biology or Agricultural Science and any one of Physics, Economics or Geography at not more than two sittings.


Students spend a minimum of five academic sessions (that is, 10 semesters) to complete the programme. The students are first exposed to external farm environment courtesy of farm practice and field course at 200 and 300 Levels, respectively that require excursions and field trips to any functional farm, usually an integrated farm within or outside the state. The whole of the fourth year is used for Industrial Training (IT) programme (also referred to as the Students’ Industrial Work Experience Scheme; SIWES) at relevant farms and/or institutions. Presently, the Department places or sends students on IT to:

  • Domita Farms – Uyo in AkwaIbom State;
  • Fidelity Farm – Omagwa in Rivers State;
  • Rivers State Sustainable Development Agency (RSSDA) – Bunu-Tai Farms, Rivers State;
  • Songhai Farms – Bunu – Tai, Rivers State
  • The African Regional Aquaculture Centre (ARAC) – Aluu in Rivers State;
  • The Faculty of Agriculture Demonstration Farm as well as the University Teaching and Research Farm.
  • Nigerian Oceanography and Marine Research (NIOMR), Lagos
  • Nigerian Institute for Freshwater Fisheries Research (NIFFR), New Bussa

Also, as part of strategies to strengthen our relationship with the industry partners for the IT programme to enhance the practical skills of students, we have also signed Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Domita Farms and intend to do so for others for a more sustainable and mutually rewarding IT programme (SIWES).


Examiners ensure that question papers are prepared under strict security and made available in time for moderation by one or two very senior and trusted colleagues in the Department. Students are checked into examination halls using authenticated register of students for each course using registration/identity card, at least, 30 minutes before the commencement of the exam. The Head of Department is responsible for conducting course examinations, except otherwise then the Dean does so. During examinations, security is stepped up around centres to ensure safety of students, invigilators and supervisors.

Degree questions are subjected to external moderation by an external examiner approved by the Senate of the University. Results are returned in quadruplicate distributed as follows:

a copy to the course lecturer, a copy to the Head of Department and two copies to the Dean who signs and returns one copy of the mark sheet to the Department. Summary of results for all courses taken in the Department, with the dates of departmental and faculty board meetings reflected on them are then presented to the Extra-ordinary meeting of Senate.


Taught courses in the department include tutorial, laboratory practical and farm demonstration components. Each student registers between 15 and 24 credit units and the Department ensures that students comply with the mandatory lecture 75% attendance to qualify for the semester examinations. A CGPA of one point is the minimum graduation point.


  • Students shall be allowed to graduate with a maximum of any two (2) failed courses, provided these are not Research Projects, Design Project, Teaching Practice,
  • Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES), GES Courses, and Year Abroad Programme.
  • The following courses; Research Projects, Design Project, Teaching Practice, Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES), GES Courses, Year Abroad Programme and Community Service Course must be used in computing the degree results.
  • The minimum requirements for the award of degree in the Department of Animal Science and Fisheries are 150 credit units and a maximum of 210 credit units for a 5-year programme.  All courses taken from Years 3 – 5 are compulsory together with all the University –wide courses: Community services, Research project, GES Courses and the balance are taken from best Years 1 & 2 Courses.
  • Pass grade(s) shall replace fail grade(s) and thepass grade(s) shall be used to compute the CGPA.  The maximum grade to be earned in respect of replacement of fail grade with a Pass grade is “C”


Every student is attached to an Academic Adviser who is a member of the academic staff in the Department and who will advise him/her on academic affairs as well as on personal matters.  Academic Advisers are expected to follow their students’ academic progress and provide counseling to them.

  • It is the duty of the Head of Department to assign an Academic Adviser to each student at the beginning of each session.
  • Academic Advisers should give clear information on their office doors about appropriate times at which they will be available to students who wish to consult them.


The period for normal registration is the first three weeks of each academic year, excluding the orientation week.

  • The period for late registration is the fourth and fifth weeks of the first semester of the academic year.  Late registration will attract a surcharge.
  • Course registration is the responsibility of the student’s parent department.  The Head of Department/Academic Adviser should guide on the courses to register.
  • In registering students, the department should ensure that students re-register all previously failed courses in which the programme requires a pass, and meet the prescribed requirements for each Course registered; furthermore, that the total credit units registered are not less than 15 or more than 24 per semester.
  • Registration of courses is online, thereafter; the student should submit a copy of his/her Course Registration Print-out to his/her Head of Department.
  • Any student who fails to pay his/her school charges and registers his/her courses online in a session loses his/her studentship for that session.
  • Students are not allowed to sit for examinations in courses for which they have not previously registered. Such actions are fraudulent and culprits will be appropriately disciplined.
  • Only results of bona-fide students (that is those who have paid their school charges and registered their courses online will be published online).
  • A list of students registered for each course should be kept (see Appendix 1). This list should be displayed for one week immediately after the close of registration for necessary corrections.
  • The parent faculty and the parent department will retain one copy each of this list and forward copies to the Teaching Faculty to be distributed as follows: one to the Faculty, one to the Department and one to the Course Lecturer.  This list becomes the authentic register for the course examination.
  • Students should be encouraged to join their departmental associations, but the dues for such associations should not be tied to registration.
  • Application for adding or dropping a course must be made on the prescribed ADD/DROP Form after obtaining the approval of the Heads of Departments concerned, not later than four weeks before the examination in each semester.  Any change of course made by altering the hard copy of the course registration form will be null and void.

Grading System

The following system of Grade Points shall be used for all Departmental /Faculty courses.

MARK/                                    LETTER                                                GRADE

SCORE                                   NOTATION                                            POINT

70% and above                       A                                                            5.00

60  –  69                                  B                                                            4.00

50  –  59                                  C                                                            3.00

45  –  49                                  D                                                            2.00

40  –  44                                  E                                                            1.00

0    –  39                                  F                                                            0.00

Students are obliged to sit for examinations in all registered courses.  Any student who fails to sit for a course examination without satisfactory reason earns the grade of ‘F’ and must re-register for the course(s)


  • Every course carries a fixed number of Credit Units (CU), one Credit Unit being when a class meets for one hour every week for one semester, or three hours every week in the laboratory, workshop or field.
  • Quality points (QP) are derived by multiplying the Credit Units for the course by the Grade Points earned by the student: e.g. in a course with 3 Credit Units in which a student earned a B with 4 Grade Points, the Quality Points are 3 x 4 = 12.
  • Grade Point Average (GPA) is a derived by dividing the Quality Points for the semester by the Credit Units for the Semester:  e.g. in a semester where the student earned 56 Quality Point for 18 Credit Units, the GPA is 56 ÷ 18 = 3.11.
  • Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is derived by adding the Total Quality Point (TQP) to date and dividing the  Total Credit Units (TQP) to date: e.g. if the TQP are 228 and the TCU are 68, then the CGPA is 228 ÷68 = 3.35.


Continuation Requirement.

The continuation requirements in the University is a CGPA of 1.00 shall be at the end of every academic year.


Probation is a status granted to a student whose academic performance falls below an acceptable standard.  A student whose Cumulative Grade Point Average is below 1.00 at the end of a particular year of study earns a period of probation for one academic session.

Limitation of registration

Students on probation may not register more than 15 units per semester.  The purpose of the restriction is to give the students a chance to concentrate on improving their performance and thus raising their CGPA.

Warning of danger of probation

Students should be warned by their Department if at the end of any semester their GPA falls below 1.00.

Repeating Failed Course Unit(s)

Subject to the conditions for withdrawal and probation, a student must repeat the failed course unit(s) at the next available opportunity, provided that the total number of credit units carried during that semester does not exceed 24.

Temporary Withdrawal from study.

  • Any student who takes ill and goes into hospital should write and inform the university about the sickness, and when discharged should write to inform the university and attach the medical report(s) to the application of resumption of study.  The medical papers should be authenticated by the Health Services Department.  Any student who takes off without permission or informing the university and stays away for more than 2 years should regard himself or herself as being out of the programme.  Application for temporary withdrawal is one year for the first instance and thereafter renewable for another one year only.

The Application should specify the period (Session) to be away and the session for resumption of study.  The HOD of the student should furnish the Faculty with the CGPA of the student at the time of the request.

  • Any student who has genuine reason(s) to request for temporary withdrawal from study should inform the University in writing through the Department and Faculty stating the reason(s) and session to be away; and obtain approval by Senate.
  • Temporary withdrawal from study is for one academic session and for a just cause may be renewed for only one more session.

Resumption of Studies

The student should notify the University at the time he/she resumes studies with evidence of approval of temporary withdrawal from studies.

To Write Examination as First Attempt

Any student who takes ill and admitted into a government recognized hospital during examination should write and inform the University and attach the original of the Medicals Report(s).  The application to write the missed examination as first attempt should indicate the course(s), semester and session involved.  The medical report(s) should be authenticated by the Health Services Department of the University.  Thereafter, the application will considered by the Departmental Faculty Boards respectively and recommend to Senate for approval.


A student whose Cumulative Grade Point Average is below 1.00 at the end of one year’s probation shall be required to withdraw from the programme.  However, in order to minimize waste of human resources, consideration should be given to withdrawal from programme of study and possible transfer to other programmes within the University; provided CGPA is not below 0.50. The student shall meet the departmental and Faculty requirement with regards to UTME subjects, UTME Score, and relevant O-Level credits. The Faculty/Department must be willing to accept the student.

Duration of Degree Programmes

The maximum length of time that a student shall be permitted to spend on a 5-year programme in the Department of Fisheries shall be 7 years. A student who after the maximum length of time allowed for a degree programme, has not obtained a degree, shall have his degree result calculated on fail out basis.

Classification of Degrees

The degree shall be awarded with 1st, 2nd Upper, 2nd Lower, or 3rd Class Honours, or as a Pass degree.  The Cumulative Grade Point Averages for these classes shall be:

1st Class

2nd Class Upper

2nd Class Lower

3rd Class


4.50  –  5.00

3.50  –  4.49

2.40  –  3.49

1.50  –  2.39

1.00  –  1.49

Research Project

Every student is made to initiate and complete a project under the supervision of one or more lecturer(s), depending on the nature of the project. Such projects are, usually, part of courses in the second semester of their final year and are core/compulsory for each student. Such projects must be passed as students are expected to be successful at both oral examinations (viva voce) by the internal examiner(s) and the external examiner.







Course Codes Course Titles Units Course Codes Course Titles Units
GES100.1 Communication Skills in English 3 GES 103.2 Nigerian People and Culture 2
FSB 101.1 General Biology I 3 FSB 102.2 General Biology II 3
CHM 130.1 General Chemistry I 3 CHM 131.2 General Chemistry II 3
PHY 101.1 Mechanics and Properties of Matter 3 CHM 132.2 Introduction to Principles of Organic Chemistry 3
MTH 120.1 Calculus 3 PHY 115.2 Heat, Light and Sound 2
GES 102.1 Introduction to Logic and Philosophy 2 GES 101.2 Computer Appreciation and Application 2
MTH110.1 Elementary Algebra and Sets 2 AGR 101.2 Introductory Statistics for Agriculture 2
PHY 102.1 Physics Practical 1      
TOTAL   20     17

Total units = 37





Course Codes                       Course Titles Units Course Codes Course Titles Units
AGR 201.1 General Agriculture 2 AGR 205.2 Agro-Climatology and Meteorology 2
CPS 201.1 Crop Anatomy, Taxonomy and Physiology 2 CPS 202.2 Principles of Crop Production 2
AGE 201.1 Principles of Agricultural Economics 2 ANS 201.2 Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals 2
FWL 201.1 Introduction to Forestry and Wildlife Management 2 ANS 202.2 Principles of Animal Production 2
AGR 2CS.1 Community Service 1 FSH 201.2 Introduction to Fisheries 2
AGX 201.1 Introduction to Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology 2 AGR 206.2 Principles of Food Science and Technology 2
AGR 202.1 Introduction to Farm Power and Machinery 2 AGF 201.2 Farm Practice 2
SOS 201.1 Introduction to Soil Science 2 AGR 207.2 Introduction to Home Economics 2
AGR 203.1 Introduction to Agric. Microbiology 2      
AGR 204.1 Computer Application to Agriculture 2      
Total   19     16

Total units = 35


               FIRST SEMESTER                                                      SECOND SEMESTER

Course Code Course Title Units Course Code Course Title Units
FSH 301.1 Fish Biology and Ichthyology 2 FSH 307.2 Fish Nutrition 2
FSH 302.1 Fish Ecology 2 FSH 308.2 Fish-Gear Technology 2
FSH 303.1 Aquaculture 2 FSH 309.2 Fish Parasites and Diseases 2
FSH 304.1


Limnology 2 FSH 310.2 Elementary Seamanship and Navigation 2
FSH 305.1 Ornamental Fisheries and Production of Other Aquatic Organisms 2 FSH 311.2 Oceanography 2
FSH 306.1 Fish Population Dynamics 2 FSH 313.2 Fish Pond Construction and Management 2
FSH 312.1 Fish Farm Techniques and Hatchery Management 2 FSH 314.2


Fish Adaptation and Physiology 2
FSH 315.1 Aquatic Flora and Fauna 2 GES 300.2 Fundamentals of Entrepreneurship 2
AGE 301.1 Introduction to Farm  Management 2 AGR 303.2 Agricultural Biochemistry 2
AGR 302.1 Agricultural Research and Report Writing 2



AGF 301.2 Field Course 1




Total units39


Course codes Course Title Units
GES 400 Entrepreneurship project 2
AGR 400 SIWES 30
Total   32


          FIRST SEMESTER                                            SECOND SEMESTER

Course Code Course Title Units Course Code Course Title Units
FSH 501.1 Fish Farm Engineering 2 FSH 509.2 Fish Zoogeography 2
FSH 502.1 Fish Production and Management  


FSH 510.2 Fish Technology, Processing and Storage 2


FSH 504.1 Water Quality and Pollution Control 2 FSH 511.2 Fish Genetics and Breeding 2
FSH 505.1 Fisheries Economics and Marketing 2 FSH 512.2 Farm Management and Fishery Business Management 2
FSH 506.1 Advanced Fish Nutrition 2 FSH 513.2 Fishery Policy and Legislation 2
FSH 507.1 Research Techniques in Fisheries 2 FSH 500.2 Seminar 1
FSH 508.1 Aquatic Toxicology 2 FSH 599.2 Research Project 6
AGX 501.1 Programme Development and Administration in Extension(Elective) 2      
AGR 502.1 Advances in Agriculture 2      
TOTAL   18     17

Total units = 35

Cumulative units

Fisheries option    180 units





GES 100.1Communication Skills in English (3 units) 

Study/library skills and methods: methods for taking and making notes; techniques for organizing study time; study methods and coping with examinations; Library skills and location of library materials. Listening skills: skills for effective listening comprehension. Basic skills  in understanding lectures, dialogue or conversation. Identifying/understanding relevant Language Points in the discourse.Making notes/summaries of lectures.Decoding texts/information, vocabulary, inference and meaning, understanding grammar, usage, and style. Reading skills: Importance of Reading; reading as study technique. Kinds of reading: speed reading, skimming, scanning, intensive, extensive, reading for evaluation. Understanding text organization.Reading comprehension: SQ3R method.Reading and developing Vocabulary.Using grammar in Reading and Writing. The Hierarchy: Words and their classes, phrases/clauses. Level of the sentence: English as a SVOCA language. Vocabulary, using the dictionary and word relationships: polysemy, antonym, synonymy, homonyms, homophones, denotation/connotation, collocational patterns: affixation, suffixation, etc. Writing and Speaking Skills.

FSB 101.1 General Biology I (3 units)

Characteristics of life.Investigation in biology.The scientific substance of life; the unit of life (including methods of study); activities of cells; the control of metabolic activities, cell division.Basic principles of inheritance.

CHM 130.1 General Chemistry I (3 units)

Introduction to chemistry; matter, energy, measurement, significant figures; dimensional analysis.State and classification of matter, mixtures, compounds and elements.Atomic theory and molecular structure.Atoms, molecules, ions, periodic table, inorganic nomenclature.Equations, types of reactions, atomic and molecular weights, the mole.Empirical formulae, stoichiometry limiting reagent, molarity, titration.Energy, enthalpy, Hess’s law, standard heat of formation, calorimetry.Size of atoms, patterns on periodic table. Chemical bonding, valence, electrons, ionic bonding and size of ions, covalent bonding, valence, electrons, covalent bonding and Lewis structures, resonances forms, bond energies, polarities. Hydrogen bonding in solids.Types of solution, concentrations, solution process, T and P effects, reactions in aqueous solutions, colligative properties.

PHY 101.1 Mechanics and Properties of Matter (3 units)

Topics covered in this course will include the following: motion in one dimension in a plane, work and energy, conservation laws, oscillation, solid friction rotational kinematics and rotational dynamics, equilibrium of rigid bodies, gravitation, Galilean invariance, surface tension, elasticity and viscosity.

MTH 120.1 Calculus (3 units)

Function of a real variable, graphs, limits and idea of continuity. The derivative as limit of rate of change.Technique of differentiation.Extreme curve sketching, integration as an inverse of differentiation.Methods of integration.Definite integrals.Application to areas, volumes.

GES102.1 Introduction to Logic and Philosophy (2 units)

Symbolic logic, special symbols in symbolic logic; conjunction, negative, affirmation, disjunction, equivalence and conditional statement; the laws of thought; the method of deduction using rules of inference and bi-conditionals and quantification theory.

MTH 110.1 Elementary Algebra and Sets (2 units)

Algebra and Trigonometry; Real number system, Real sequences and series: sets and sub sets; unit intersection, complements, empty and universal sets, Venn diagram; one way correspondence between sets; quadratic functions and equations; solution of linear equation, simple properties of determinants; indices and binomial theorem; transformations e.g. Log transformation equation of the straight line and application to simple regression equation; permutations and combinations; circular measure, trigonometric functions of angles, addition and factor formulae; complex numbers; moments and couples; relative velocity; calculus; elementary function of simple real variables; graphs of simple functions; the differentiations of simple algebra; exponential and log functions, differentiation of a sum; product; quotient; function of function rules; implicit differentiation; definite and indefinite integrations of functions; application of definite and indefinite integrals to areas and volumes.

PHY 102.1 Physics Practical (1 unit)

Motion in one dimension in a plane; work and energy; conservation laws; oscillation; solid friction, rotational kinematics and rotational dynamics; equilibrium of rigid bodies; gravitation, Galilean invariance, surface tension, elasticity and viscosity. Emphasis is on experimental verifications and quantitative measures of physical laws, treatment of measurement errors and graphical analysis. The experiments include studies of mechanical systems; static and rotational dynamics of rigid bodies, viscosity, elasticity, surface tension and hydrostatics


GES 103.2 Nigerian People and Culture (2 units)

Concepts of culture; The study of Nigerian history and culture in the pre-colonial, colonial and contemporary times; the Nigerian’s perception of his world; cultural areas of Nigeria and their characteristics; cultural contact and social change; ethnicity and integration; evolution of Nigeria as a political unit. Norms, values, moral obligations of citizens- environmental sanitation.

FSB 102.2 General Biology II (3 units)

Varieties of organisms.Principles of classification of organisms- systematics.A study of selected animals and plant groups.Analysis of flora and fauna of assigned habitats.

CHM 131.2 General Chemistry II (3 units)

Application of the principles of chemical and physical change to the study of the behaviour of matter and interaction between matters. Course content includes, the chemistry of the representative elements and their common compounds with emphasis on graduation of their properties. Brief chemistry of the first, series of transition elements, general principles of extraction of metals; introductory nuclear chemistry.

CHM 132.2 Introduction to Principles of Organic Chemistry (3 units)

A survey of carbon compounds including an overview of the common functional groups in aliphatic and benzenoid compounds. Introduction to reactants and reaction in organic chemistry.

PHY 115.2 Heat, Light and Sound (2 units)

Thermodynamics, colorimetry and heat transfer. Geometrical optics will include reflection of light at the plane and curved surfaces, and optical instruments. Properties and progression of sound waves. Sound waves propagating in air columns. Doppler effect.

GES 101.2 Computer Appreciation and Application (2 units)

Introduction to basic computer concepts.Historical development and classification of computers. Hardware, software and firm wave components of a computer. Computer programming languages, introduction to data bases, data capture techniques. Introduction to computer networks, computer operation. Introduction to Disk Operating System (DOS).Microsoft windows and windows applications.Introduction to data processing.An introduction to the internet.

AGR 101.2  Introductory Statistics for Agriculture (2 units)

Idea of statistics. Sequence of statistical investigation; Data collection methods; Sampling; Basic statistical notations; Methods of collation and presentation of data; Measures of location (mean, mode, median); quantities; Measures of dispersion(variance, standard deviation, standard error, coefficient of variation), skewness and kurtosis.

YEAR TWO (First semester)              

AGR 201.1 General Agriculture (2 units)

Definition, scope and importance of agriculture; Agricultural ecological zones and distribution of farm; Introduction to Agricultural Economics and Extension; Introduction to Forestry and Wildlife Management; Introduction to Crop Science; Introduction to Soil Science; Introduction to Farm Mechanization; Introduction to Animal Science; Introduction to Fisheries and Aquaculture; Post-harvest handling of agricultural products.

CPS  201.1 Crop Anatomy, Taxonomy and Physiology (2 units)

Parts of the crop cell, cell biology and cell types.  Development of cells and tissues, comparative anatomy of major plant organs.Enzymes, photosynthesis, respiration and energy utilization; Transpiration; pollination and fertilization; seed dormancy and germination, mineral nutrition. Introduction to plant taxonomy, characteristics, distribution, economic importance and local examples of leguminosae, gramineae, compositae, dioscoreasae, rutaceasae, use of plant keys. Growth and development, structure and function of plant growth hormones. Practical: dormancy and seed germination studies; mineral nutrition experiment.

AGE 201.1 Principles of Agricultural Economics (2 units)

Economics of agriculture, efficiency of resource allocation; Agricultural resources; Production, processing, marketing/distribution and utilization of farm produce; Cost Price analysis, demand, supply.

FWL 201.1 Introduction to Forestry and Wildlife Management (2 units)

Nature and scope of forestry and forest.Structure, classification and importance of forest.Forest products; fauna and flora. Introduction to wildlife, importance of wildlife, forestry and wildlife interlinks.

AGR 2CS.1 Community Service (1 unit)

The course is designed to make the students appreciate the dignity of labour and to acquire a sense of service to the community. Students are to execute various special projects modeled in line with their field of study.

AGX 201.1 Introduction to Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology (2 units)

The need for agricultural extension; agricultural extension in the world and in Nigeria; basic philosophy and principles of agricultural extension; basic concepts and principles of rural sociology to an understanding of rural situation; Importance of rural communities and institutions, social stratification, social processes and social changes in rural areas; Leadership in rural communities; opinion leadership; role and function of rural leaders; communication techniques and strategies of change; various agricultural extension teaching methods, aids and their use

AGR 202.1 Introduction to Farm Power and Machinery (2 units)

Aims and objectives of farm mechanization.Basic mechanics.Workshop tools.Principles of internal combustion engines and electric motor.Study of farm machinery used for tillage; ploughs, harrows, cultivators, farm power transmission system. Harvesting and processing equipment. (sprayers and dusters). Equipment for livestock (automatic feed conveyors, automatic drinkers for poultry, feeding and watering equipment, milking and milk handling equipment, meat processing equipment). Water lifting and irrigation equipment.Survey instruments used on the farm.Operating principles, selection and maintenance procedure of farm machinery.Farm machinery costing and records.Workshop and building materials used on the farm.Practicalson farm machines and machinery.

SOS 201.1Introduction to Soil Science (2 Credits)

Soils -genesis and formation, factors of soil formation, weathering (physical, chemical and biological), physico-chemical properties of soils. Soil moisture, air, and temperature, soil classification and survey, scope of soil science.Soil colloids,soil reactions.Soil organic matter and soil organisms, soil and water conservation, nutrient requirements and mineral nutrition of plants, introduction to fertilizers.Practical: Description of soil profile pit; particle size analysis.

AGR 203.1 Introduction to Agricultural Microbiology (2 units)

Importance of microbiology in agriculture; Introduction to microbial world; Broad groups of microflora and microfauna; Classification of microorganisms and other soil organisoms (bacteria, fungi, viruses, nematodes, protozoans, earthworms, and other annelids) Morphology, growth and reproduction of bacteria, yeast, moulds, viruses; Importance of soil microbiology in agriculture, classification of soil organisms; soil organic matter decomposition; microbial transformation of phosphorus, iron, nitrogen and  sulphur; biochemistry and microbiology of nitrification; nitrogen fixation by legumes and non legumes and its significance. Microbial release of nutrients in soils and plant nutrition.Influence of soil factors on population and activities of microbes; role of micro-organisms in soil fertility.Transformation of hydrocarbons and pesticides.Rhizosphere and its importance. Practical:use of microscopes; Cultivation of micro-organisms, preparation of culture media, isolation of bacteria and fungi; Preparation of slides for microscopic examination and identification; safety precautions in microbiology laboratory.

AGR 204.1 Computer Applications to Agriculture (2 units)

Importance of computers in Agriculture; ICT applications in Agriculture; Design of agricultural research, data collection techniques (or instruments).Use of spreadsheet; use of graphics for agricultural communication; use of Powerpoint for presentation. Data management; Use of statistical packages

Year two (Second semester)

AGF 201.2 Farm Practice (2 units)


Fish culture; Hatchery production;

Fish feed production

Animal Science:

Livestock production; Silage making

Crop/Soil Science:

Mushroom production; Composting

Budding/Grafting; Soil Survey


Bee keeping; Snail production

Game management and utilization

AGR 205.2 Agro-climatology and Meteorology (2 units)

The principles, aims and scope of climatology and biogeography.The elements and control of climate and weather and the dynamics of the earth atmosphere.Radiation and heating of the atmospheric systems, atmospheric moisture, the dynamics of pressure and wind systems. Condensation and precipitation processes. Seasonal variation in temperature, day length, radiation, rainfall and evapotranspiration.Equipment and maintenance of standard meteorological stations.The climate; relation between agriculture and climate with reference to crops, livestock, irrigation, pests and diseases. Environment and its significance to agriculture, influence of moisture, humidity temperature, radiation and wind in crop growth and production; wind breaks and shelter belts; micro-changes within crop stands and their effects on crops, selection of crops in relation to environmental factors. Practical: measurements of net radiation and micro-climatic parameter in crop stands, study of agro meteorological data; field trips to meteorological stations.

AGR 206.2 Principles of Food Science and Technology (2 units)

Definition and scope of Food Science and Technology; Food distribution and Marketing; Food and its functions; Food habits; Food poisoning and its prevention; Principles of food processing and preservation; Discussion of different preservation methods; Deterioration and spoilage of foods, other post harvest changes in food; contamination of foods and natural sources; Composition and structures of Nigerian/West African food; factors contributing to texture, colour, aroma and flavour of food; Cost; Traditional and ethnic influences of food preparation and consumption pattern; Elementary Biotechnology. Practicals

AGR 207.2 Introduction to Home Economics (2 units)

Philosophy, scope, objectives and historical development of home economics (Food and Nutrition, Home management, Clothing and Textile); Examination of basic human needs with respect to food, clothing, shelter and health. Programme approaches in home economics which help to meet these needs. Preparation for careers in a variety of occupation.Roles of women in agriculture.Practicals

CPS 202.2 Principles of Crop Production (2 units)

Crop production and its development. The principles, problems and prospects of crop production, importance of crop rotation, cultural practices; water uptake, weeds, weed control, and their effects on crop production, pests and diseases.   Basic Mendelian genetics. Principles of crop production, harvesting, processing and storage.Practical: test of seed viability, germination of seeds in laboratory and in field; tillage practices; identification of fertilizers; field trip to different cropping systems.

ANS 201.2: Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals (2 units)

Introduction and glossary of some anatomical and physiological terms.External features of farm animals including their functions and usefulness.Skeletal, digestive and other systems in ruminants and non-ruminants.Nature of farm animals (body fluids; homeostasis; temperature regulation).Blood cells and their various functions.Classes and roles of farm animals.Nutrition and digestion in non-ruminants and ruminants.Endocrinology and its functions.Egg formation and production in poultry.Lactation and milk letdown in farm animals.

ANS 202.2: Principles of Animal Production (2 units)

Animal production and its development.The livestock industry – problems and prospects.Introduction to the factors of production in animal husbandry.Descriptions of different breeds of cattle, sheep and goats; pigs, poultry and rabbits, etc.Feeding habits of farm animals.Principles of breeding and livestock judging. General principles of management for different classes of farm animals (parent stock, breeders, weaners, etc). Livestock husbandry operation and production systems for different livestock – cattle, sheep and goats, poultry, swine, and rabbit.The impacts of the environment on livestock production.

FSH 201.2 Introduction to Fisheries (2 units)

Introduction, definitions, nature and scope of fisheries; Fish products and their importance.External morphological features of bony and cartilaginous fishes.


FSH 301.1 Fish Biology and Ichthyology (2 units)

The gross external and internal anatomy of a typical bony and cartilaginous fishes.The different types of anatomical structures (organs, systems) and their basic functions in the fish. Embryology and life history of fish with special reference to commercially important fish e.g. tilapia, catfishes and mullets. Principles of systematics. Taxonomy and detailed study of principal commercial fish species of Nigerian waters: inland, estuarine and ocean; Aquatic invertebrates and reptiles. Identification of species using keys and monographs.Important world species; Sardines, tuna, anchorvies, etc. biological attributes of fish populations.Phylogenetic relationships.

FSH 302.1 Fish Ecology (2 units)

Ecology of fish with special reference to distribution and adaptation; application of this knowledge in fisheries management and for obtaining maximum returns from fishery resources.Characteristics of the aquatic environment, organic production in aquatic fauna and flora – eutrophication and algal blooms; plankton and benthos biomass assessment. Food and feeding habits of fish, food and habitat selection, population, niche concept. Food chains and food webs. Reproductive behaviour and life cycles of some selected fish species.

FSH 303.1 Aquaculture (2 units)

Aims and types of aquaculture; history, present organization and status of aquaculture in Nigeria. Principles of aquaculture – liming and pond fertilization; Food supply, growth rate and food conversion, selection of culture species, introduction to exotic and endemic species and their implications: water requirements/water quality control and aeration. Stocking, feeding and harvesting practices; Fish farm design, economic consideration of aquaculture.

FSH 304.1 Limnology (2 units)

Physical and chemical properties of inland waters (rivers, natural and man-made lakes): illumination, temperature, density, diffusion, viscosity, dissolved gases, mineral compositions, water circulation, thermal properties and stratification, etc. Hydrology and water circle

FSH 305.1 Ornamental Fisheries and Production of other Aquatic Organisms (2 units)

Ecology and life histories of crustaceans and aquatic molluscs.Culture of shrimps, oysters, crabs, lobsters, cockles, periwinkles, marine gastropods, frogs, edible sea weeds and fresh water plants. Open sea and coastal farming of some shell and fin fishes. Ornamental fish breeding, management and nutrition; Design and maintenance of various aquaria.

FSH 306.1 Fish Population Dynamics (2 units)

Age determination of fish; Length/weight relationships, condition factor. Von Bertalanffy growth equations, Ford-Walford plot, growth curves. Estimation of mortality; Natural, fishing and total mortality. Fish stock assessment; Virtual population analysis, recruitment, yield models; Estimation of standing stock size, potential stock size; Maximum sustainable yield, optimum yield etc; Over-fishing.

FSH 312.1 Fish Farming Techniques and Hatchery Management (2 Units)

Artisanal and commercial fishing methods and importance in fishing boats, trawlers and gears – hooks, traps and nets – different types of fish culture techniques, monoculture, polyculture, selected breeding, intensive and extensive culture in inland and brackish water, in rice fields, in floating cages and rafts. Gear selectivity, electro fishing; Spawning methods, artificial fertilization; incubation, rearing, harvesting and transportation of fry and fingerlings; Selection and care of breeders; Larvae and fingerlings. Control of weeds parasites and diseases in the hatchery; Control of physiochemical properties of water.

FSH 315.1 Aquatic Flora and Fauna (2 Units)

Study and identification of the characteristic flora and fauna of importance in fresh water and coastal swamps of the tropics.The ecology, utilization and management of aquatic flora and fauna.Introduction to aquatic insects (classification, identification of main orders with emphasis on tropical taxa).Control of aquatic weeds in ponds –chemical, mechanical and biological.

AGE 301.1 Introduction to Farm Management (2 units)

The nature of farm management and production economics.Theory of agricultural production and revenue concepts; Elements of time, risk, and uncertainty in agricultural production. Break-even, gross net margin, and budgetary analysis.


FSH 307.2 Fish Nutrition (2 units)

Principles of fish nutrition. Classification of foods, feeding stuff and feed supplements; Chemistry and nutritive value of various classes of fish feed and feeding stuff (cereals and legumes). Nutrient sources and practical consideration in fish feeding/feeding systems. Feed formulation.

FSH 308.2 Fish-Gear Technology (2 units)

The relationship between the development of gear and habits of fish. Design, characteristics and types of gear and fishing vessels; Properties of the materials used in their construction. Assessment of efficiency of fishing gear, concepts of catch per unit effort and gear selectivity.Introduction and trial of gear, construction of hooks, traps and nets.Artisanal and commercial fishing methods.Importance of fishing boats and trawlers; Electro-fishing.

FSH 309.2 Fish Parasites and Diseases (2 units)

Identification, morphology, taxonomy and life history of fish parasites.The ecological and pathological effects of parasites and diseases on fish. Epidemiology of parasite population in water bodies, common bacterial, fungal and viral fish diseases and their control. Other enemies of fish.Internal regulations on trans-boundary transportation of fish and fishery products.Fish ponds and public health.

FSH 310.2 Elementary Seamanship and Navigation (2 units)

Important sea terminologies; Parts of a boat and a ship; Wind strength and state of the sea; Coastal beacons and light vessels.Measurement of distance, water depth, speed, etc. Launching and boarding of small vessels; Lifesaving and fire-fighting equipment and application methods. Swimming and diving.

FSH 311.2 Oceanography (2 units)

Topography of the sea, physical and chemical characteristics of sea water. Illumination, temperature, specific heat, electrical conductivity, density, specific gravity, pressure, diffusion, viscosity, acoustic characteristics, salinity (chlorinity), dissolved gases and ocean currents. Coastal processes, waves, tides (tide tables) and coastal erosion. Species composition, distribution and adaptation of marine organisms: plankton, invertebrates, fish, reptiles and mammals. Dynamics of flora and fauna of brackish water environments.

FSH 313. 2 Fish Pond Construction and Management (2 units)

Principles of pond construction.Surveying and fish pond layout.Types of ponds. Maintenance of ponds: Repair of pond leakages, desilting, flushing of old ponds, erosion control, checks on sluice gates and monks, water inflow and outflow pipes, etc.

FSH 314.2 Fish Physiology and Adaptation (2 units)

The different shapes and adaptive designs in fish in relation to the aquatic environment. Natural environmental adaptation of fish: migration, reproduction, feeding habits, responses to salinity, temperature and other environmental factors; Life cycles. Modified environmental behaviour of fish to pressure, light, electrical field and noise.Classification of fin-fish and shell-fish.

GES 300.2: Fundamentals of Entrepreneurship (2 units)

Concept, history and development of entrepreneurship; The entrepreneur qualities and characteristics; The Entrepreneur and Business environment; identifying business opportunities; starting and developing new business ventures; legal forms of business ownership and registration; Types of business ownership; Feasibility studies; Role of small and Medium Scale Enterprise (SME) in the economy; Role of government on Entrepreneurship; Business location and layout; Accounting for SME; Financing SME; Managing of SME; Marketing in SME; Risk Management of SME; Success and Failure factors of SME; Prospects and Challenges of Entrepreneurship and Intrapreneurship; Ethical behaviour in small business.

AGR 303.2 Agricultural Biochemistry (2 units)

Biochemistry in agriculture, food and nutrition; Proteins, vitamins, minerals in farm produce- eggs, meat, vegetable, etc. food processing and natural products; Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids (metabolic pathways).

AGF 301.2 Field Course (1unit)

Study visit to areas, institutions, industries, etc, relevant to students’ area of specialization. Students are required to write a report on the trip.


GES 400 Entrepreneurship project (2 units)

AGR 400 (SIWES): Report writing  (30 units)


FSH 501.1 Fish Farm Engineering (2 units)

General surveying and site selection; Freshwater and brackish water culture facilities. Design and construction of dykes, sluice gates, monks, drainage facilities, tanks, ponds, pens, cages, rafts and other types of fish rearing facilities; Design of inland fish farms, pumping station, recirculatory systems and fish hatcheries. Waste treatment approaches.

FSH 502.1  Fish Production and Management (2 Units)

Practical aspects of handling and care of fish; Breeding of fish; Production of fingerlings and fries; Management of breeders and equipment needed in a fish farm; Procurement of feed and systems of feeding; Harvesting and marketing; Appraisal of management structure and effectiveness of fisheries  management policies; Preparation of management plan for fisheries project.

FSH 504.1 Water Quality and Pollution Control (2 units)

Composition of water bodies (physical, biological and chemical) – nutrient cycles; Physical, chemical and biological assessment of water types; Aquatic pollution and control strategies.Pollutant behaviour in water – quantification, characterization and mitigation.Effect of pollution on fish, plankton and benthos.Development and application of biotic indices to monitor the various water types.Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) – process of EIA; Simple models in environmental assessment; Evaluation of case studies. Ecological Risk Assessment, Health and Social Impact Assessments

FSH 505.1 Fisheries Economics and Marketing (2 units)

Major economic constraints in fishery development; Free access fishery; Sustainability yield curve and total revenue. Bionomic equilibrium, factor rents, welfare economic theory and its relevance for fisheries externalities in fisheries, capital investment and depreciation of equipment, consumer and consumption patterns; Fishery resources and right of ownership.

FSH 506. 1 Advance Fish Nutrition (2 units)

Classification of foods, feeding stuffs and feed supplements. An extensive coverage of the chemistry and nutritive values of succulent feeding stuffs, concentrate feeds (cereals and legumes). Chemistry and Nutritive values of some Nigeria grasses and legumes species.Consideration of methods of their biological value evaluation.Principles of fish nutrition; Requirements for energy, protein, vitamins and minerals, and non-nutrient components. Feed computation and formulation methods; The fish feed industries; feed pelleting, fish habits; Feed evaluation, practical consideration in fish feed. Feed formulation, feed mixing and manufacture of feed on commercial scale.

FSH 507.1 Research Techniques in Fisheries (2 units)

Fisheries and aquatic biology experimentation; Experimental designs (completely randomized design – CRD, randomized complete block design – RCBD, etc.). Sampling methods; Interpretation and presentation of data in Nutrition, Growth, Population and Community studies, etc.

FSH 508.1 Aquatic Toxicology (2 units)

Concepts of toxico-kinetics, biotransformation and dose-response relationships of different xenobiotics.Toxicological impact of single and multiple pollutants on aquatic species. Determination of LC50 values and Probit analysis. Introduction to genotoxicity, current methods of determining genotypic impacts.Genotoxic effects of a variety of xenobiotics; their mechanism of action. Phases of biotransformations and factors which lead to variations in the capacity to biotransformxenobiotics.

AGX 501.1 (Elective) Programme Development and Administration in Extension (2 units)

Concepts , theories, principles and guidelines of administration, organization and supervision as applied to extension; Importance of programme planning in extension. Principles and concepts of programme planning in agriculture extension need, education objective, learning experience, clientele participation, plan of work and calendar of work.the role of good public relations, good leadership and cooperation for an extension worker. Association and cooperatives; concepts of evaluation applied to agricultural extension programmes.

AGR 502.1: Advances in Agriculture (2 units)

Historical background, Principles (principles of health, fairness, ecology, care) and practice of organic agriculture; Organic crop production, pest and disease management, predator control for sustainable and organic livestock production.Organic forestry, climate change and carbon sequestration, pasture management. Enterprise budgets and production costs for organic production, organic marketing resources and green markets; Hydroponic Agriculture: Preparation of nutrient solutions, media and methods (water culture, sub irrigation, slop and drip). Benefits and constraints; Tissue Culture and Cloning Technology: Introduction, laboratory requirements, effects of hormone balance on explants growth and morphogenesis, callus formation and multiplication, establishment of suspension cultures and another culture. Applications and relevance to Agriculture.Criticisms and laws (Bioethics and Biopiracy). Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) (Health issues, influence on biodiversity, benefits and demerits); organic farm certification and export markets.


FSH 500.2  Seminar (1 unit)

Each final year student is expected to deliver seminar on a chosen topic.

FSH 509.2 Fish Zoogeography (2 units)

Principles, definition and process; Overview of fish zoogeography, types of distribution. Evolution of major groups of fish – historical zoogeography, variance and test of variance hypothesis; dispersal and isolation, continental drift, glaciations.World fish zoogeography; Reef fishes of the world, ostariophysan zoogeography. Major inshore marine regions; Fishes of Indo-West Pacific Region, fish of the West Atlantic Region, fish of the East Pacific Region. Freshwater fish Regions; Nearctic (N. America), Neotropical (S. America), Palearctic (N. Europe and Asia), Africa, Oriental, Australian.

 FSH 510.2 Fish Technology, Processing and Storage (2 units)

Composition of fish; Biochemical and microbiological changes in fish post-mortem; Nature and effects of processing procedures.Post-harvest spoilage, principles and methods of preservation, packaging, storage, product evaluation and quality control; Estimation of nutrients in fish flesh.Traditional versus modern preservation techniques.

FSH 511.2 Fish Breeding and Genetics (2 units)

Principles of fish genetics and hybridization.Determination of heritable characteristics.Basic principles of Mendelian and quantitative inheritance.Genetic manipulation of cultivable fish and shell fish species; Natural and artificial selection of desirable traits.Breeding and cultivation of common types of fin and shell fish; Practical aspects of broodstock handling.Breeding of fish. Goals and plans in fish breeding; Selection types and methods of selective breeding in fish; Breeding methods. Hybrids and heterosis, directed programme in selected species e.g. tilapia, catfish, etc.

FSH 512.2 Farm Management and Fishery Business (2 units)

Fish farming planning and organization; Farm budgeting; Farm growth; Problems of organizing and managing fish farms under commercial, and peasant systems. The scope of fishery business and management, types of business management; Types of credit marketing arrangements, fish farm record and accounting; Financial management.

FSH 513.2 Fishery Policy and Legislation (2 units)

Fisheries institutions; fisheries policy and laws of Nigeria.International laws; laws of the sea. Preparation of management plan for fisheries project Aquatic conservation strategies/management of endangered, threatened and sensitive species; Catchment management; Legal issues and recovery plans; Captive propagations; Designing aquatic nature reserves, minimum viable populations for conservation.

FSH 599.2 Research Project (6 units)

Each final year student is expected to take up a project topic, propose his research and present findings of the research work. This should be under the supervision of a lecturer(s) in the Department. Hard copies of the project shall then be submitted to the Department.